Studies & Articles
Note: The content for the VESPA site was deliberately written in easy to understand layperson's terms, however, we at VESPA fully recognize many serious athletes are doctors, chemists, biologists, physiologists etc. and are interested in the science behind VESPA. To this end we have posted the science currently available.
The studies are specific to VESPA and VAAM (Vespa Amino Acid Mixture), a synthetically derived version of the all-natural Wasp Extract found in VESPA. These studies have been evaluated by scientists at U.C Davis and found to have several flaws in the experimental design and execution according to the norms of current scientific method. This does not mean VESPA does not have efficacy, rather, this means the efficacy demonstrated in these studies is inconclusive.
Nonetheless, we have posted them because we at VESPA feel these studies do represent a certain level of inference of product efficacy which is far beyond what most nutritional supplements offer today and warrant further investigation. As a part of VESPA's business development plans further scientific investigation is planned in conjunction with a major California University in order to fully understand the mode of action and demonstrate product efficacy.
News Articles & Links
Hornet juice key to Olympic gold (BBC)
"Olympic marathon champion Naoko Takahashi drank the stomach juices of giant killer hornets to give her performance an extra buzz..."
Good News for Diabetics
Letter from a VESPA customer
Informal study of seven athletes' metabolic performance with and without VESPA
Scientific Studies & Research
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE COMPOSITION OF HORNET LARVAL SALIVA, ITS EFFECT ON BEHAVIOUR AND ROLE OF TROPHALLAXIS (PDF)
Authors: TAKASHI ABE, YOSHIYA TANAKA, HIROMITSU MIYAZAKI and YASUKO Y. KAWASAKI
Published: Comp: Biochem. Physiol. Vol. 99C. No. 1/2. pp. 79-84. 1991
The Activation of Fatty Acid Metabolism by Vespa Amino Acid Mixture (VAAM) and Related Nutrients during Endurance Exercise in Mice (PDF)
Authors: Takashi ABE, Mihoko INAMORI, Kouji IIDA, Masahiro TAMURA, Yoshimi TAKIGUCH, and Kaneaki YASUDA
Effects of Vespa Amino Acid Mixture (VAAM) Isolated from Hornet Larval Saliva and Modified VAAM Nutrients on Endurance Exercise in Swimming Mice -- improvement in Performance and Changes of Blood Lactate and Glucose (PDF)
Authors: TAKASHI ABE, YOSHIMI TAKIGUCHI, MASAHIRO TAMURA, JUNKO SHIMURA and KEN-ICHI YAMAZAKI
Published: Japanese Journal of physical Fitness and Sports Medicine. Vol.44 No. 2 APR. 1995